Education in Pakistan
Education is the backbone of every nation. Many countries have carved their names in the history of the world because of their well educated society and citizens. Education is the delivery of knowledge and skill from a teacher to student. Though this delivery of knowledge is taking place everywhere in our country as well but it is not effective. According to literacy definition (as in 1998 census) an educated person is the one who can read a news paper and write a simple letter in any language. Keeping in mind this definition, we can say that 50% of population of Pakistan is literate but the reality is quite different. This 50% of the population is unaware of modern techniques and technologies. The education system of Pakistan is responsible for it. The present education system of Pakistan has failed to fulfill the requirement of society. The failure of education system in Pakistan is due to number of reasons. Few of them along with their remedies are discussed below:
Education system in Pakistan:
The education system of Pakistan falls into five levels. These are:
- Primary level
- Middle level
- Secondary level
- Intermediate level
- University level
If we talk about schools, colleges and universities, they also fall in three categories. These are:
- Government schools
- Private schools
Talking about the government institutions first, they are in poor condition due to lack of attention and shortage of funds. Teachers are not given adequate salary. Private schools, on the other hand are doing much better job. There are number of school systems which are well recognized in Pakistan like THE CITY SCHOOL, BEACON HOUSE SCHOOL SYSTEM, and ALLIED SCHOOL etc. They are paying their teachers well and are giving them necessary training for teaching. The only drawback of these private schools is that their fees are not affordable by everyone. Madaris are the third type of educational systems working in Pakistan. They are providing Islamic education to bulk of students. After 9/11 the reputation of these institutions is badly harmed and now they are not taken as a reliable source for providing religious education.
The numbers of educational system that are currently working in Pakistan are producing no synergy but are creating conflicts and division among people. We have English medium schools, Urdu medium schools and madaras. A student coming out of an English medium school is unaware of Islamic teachings and a student coming out of Urdu medium school gets least chance of acquiring good job. Madaras students are group of youngsters that know very little about the outside world. Here, the need is to form a single system that can fulfill all the current demands of modern education. This hierarchy of schooling systems must be abolished soon and an educational emergency must be declared within the country and the government must involve the whole nation to prevail this war against illiteracy.
There is a greater need to improve and update the curriculum and pedagogy. Still today, our children are learning those books which have same syllabus that our grandparents used to learn. Along with outdated syllabus, the teaching method is also obsolete. In order to beat the world in the field of education, we must first improve and update our curriculum and teaching methods. Here the question arises that should we start teaching western syllabus to our students? The answer is that we must localize the western syllabus first then make it available for our students. Moreover, attention must be given on mathematics and Language as these two subjects are the foundation on which attainment of other skills depends. English and Computer studies must be made compulsory from primary level. Special documentaries and activities must be designed and educational trips should be arranged for the education of the students. The multiplicity of systems must be eradicated soon. There is no need of a separate system of providing religious education instead religious education must be included in mainstream education. Arabic language must be started at primary level as it will help the student in future if he is planning to become a civil servant or to enter in the profession of Army or Judiciary. Along with above mentioned suggestions, a big amount of fund must be allocated for education and the government makes sure that these funds are not misused. Government should keep an eye on all the Ghost schools and teachers that are only present in documents but physically they are not found anywhere on land. These ghost schools and teachers are consuming funds and donations which originally are the right of many other registered schools. Last but not the least; education should be made compulsory and free of cost especially for girls as they are the one who holds the future of our country.
Education is the tool that can surely bring positive change in any society. It is the only mean to develop oneself physically, socially and mentally as well. If this tool will not function properly then the whole nation will collapse. So the need of time is that everyone must get united to make our education system one of the best in the world and to compose our young generation in such a way that they can compete with any nation in the field of education.